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What are allergy symptoms?

Symptoms of allergies occur when the immune system detects something that’s harmless to most people but activates an overreaction in people sensitive to it. That substance is called an allergen.

The immune system produces antibodies that are on alert for that specific allergen. When exposed again, the antibodies can trigger the release of immune system chemicals known as histamine. This produces allergy symptoms.

Depending on the allergen involved, symptoms can affect airways, sinus and nasal passages, skin and the digestive system. They can range from mild to severe.

 

What symptoms can occur with allergies?

  • Runny / stuffy nose and sneezing:These can be the result of both a common cold or allergies.
  • Wheezing / shortness of breath:These are common asthma traits but can also be indicative of allergies.
  • Cough:Dry, persistent coughing can indicate allergies.
  • Rash: Allergies can cause rashes such as eczema, dermatitis, and hives.

What are bronchitis and coughs?

Through the use of your trachea, bronchial tubes allow you to breath in air from your mouth and nose (windpipe). These tubes may enlarge if they become irritated. The natural secretions that keep the lungs clean and lubricated build up. Breathing pathways narrow, making it challenging to maintain clear lungs.

Your body reacts to bronchitis by coughing to eject the mucus or phlegm. This is called a “productive” or “wet” cough.

 

What symptoms can occur with bronchitis?

Similar symptoms to those of a cold or flu, can by the first signs of bronchitis. The main symptom is a productive cough that can continue for more than a few days to weeks. Other common symptoms include:

  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Fever of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher
  • Muscle aches
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Sore throat

 

Some patients may endure flu-like symptoms for weeks or months following a COVID-19 infection. This condition is also known as post-COVID-19 syndrome or extended COVID-19. If, after having COVID-19, you continue to experience any symptoms for weeks or months following your first recovery, a SmartMed Clinic can help.

What are cold and upper respiratory infections?

A runny nose, dry cough, sneezing and stuffiness are all symptoms of an upper respiratory infection, which is a common illness. The common cold is the type of upper respiratory infection that you are likely most familiar with. Viruses are typically to blame for upper respiratory illnesses, such as the common cold. The inside lining of your nose, throat, and occasionally your sinuses become irritated by the viruses that cause cold and upper respiratory infections. That explains why having a cold causes you to have a runny nose, stuffiness, sore throat, or cough.

What symptoms can occur with cold and upper respiratory infections?

  • Dry cough
  • Low-grade fever
  • Mild body aches or fatigue
  • Nasal congestion or stuffiness
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Sore throat

 

In addition to a cold and upper respiratory infection, these indicators can also be signs of the flu, allergies and bacterial infections. Most upper respiratory infections last a few days and up to 2 weeks and generally do not cause lasting problems.

Be sure to let your provider know if you have other health problems or are taking medications. Some health conditions and medications make it harder for your immune system to fight off infection.

 

Some patients may endure flu-like symptoms for weeks or months following a COVID-19 infection. This condition is also known as post-COVID-19 syndrome or extended COVID-19. If, after having COVID-19, you continue to experience any symptoms for weeks or months following your first recovery, a SmartMed Clinic can help.

What is mono?

Mononucleosis (mono) – A typical victim of mono is an adolescent or college student. Mono is a frequent infection. The mono virus spreads rapidly as it is typically transmitted through saliva or intimate touch, earning its name as the “kissing disease.”

Although Mono is typically a benign illness, some people may experience major health issues. If you think you have mono, you can visit SmartMed to get a finger-stick blood test, medical exam and to discuss your symptoms.

What symptoms can occur with mono?

Mono usually starts out slow. It starts with exhaustion, generally not feeling well, headache and tender throat. The sore throat usually gets worse and is followed by swelling of the lymph nodes (glands) in the neck and armpits. These swollen glands are usually painful to the touch.

Other symptoms may include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle aches and stiffness
  • Rash (a rash is more likely if you take certain antibiotics)
  • Sensitivity to light

 

What is a sinus infection?

A sinus infection (sinusitis) is an inflammation or swelling of tissues lining the sinuses. The nose is encircled by these spaces filled with air. They’re also in the forehead, cheeks and adjacent to the eyes.

The mucus drains easily when your sinuses are clear. Mucus cleans out dirt and bacteria. When your sinuses are clear, mucus drains easily. Mucus cleans out dirt and bacteria. When sinuses become jammed or congested with mucus, their environment festers. Due to this, viruses, bacteria or fungi can multiply quickly and develop into an infection.

 

What symptoms can occur with sinus infections and congestion?

  • Bad breath: Unpleasant odors despite good oral hygiene
  • Coughing, which may be accompanied by mucus
  • Discolored postnasal drainage
  • Facial pain or a feeling of pressure in the bridge of your nose, cheeks, eyes and/or forehead
  • Fatigue with aching muscles
  • Fever: Body temperature rises to at least 100.4 °F [38 °C].
  • Headaches
  • Loss of the sense of smell
  • Nasal congestion or blockage
  • Runny nose with a thick green or yellow discharge
  • Tooth pain: Sinus pressure may make your teeth and gums ache

What is flu-like symptom treatment?

Influenza (flu) and colds have many symptoms in common. In the onset, the flu can seem like the beginning of a cold with a runny nose, sneezing and sore throat. However, colds usually progress slowly, while the flu comes on quickly. While a cold might be a annoyance, the flu can be significantly more uncomfortable.

If you think you’ve caught the flu, it helps to manage it early. Treatment options are most effective early.

Home preparations are crucial. To help lessen the severity and duration of the flu, an anti-viral medication may be prescribed, if necessary. When taken right after symptoms begin, you may shorten the virus life by a day or more. This may also avoid serious illness related complications.

If you believe you have the flu, you can ease your symptoms by following these rules: Drink lots of water, juice and warm soups: These help you stay well-hydrated. Get plenty of rest: Sleep helps your immune system fight infections. Pain relief medications, like acetaminophen or ibuprofen: These can help soothe your body from the aches.

 

What symptoms can occur with the flu?

  • Aching muscles
  • Chills and sweats
  • Dry, persistent coughing
  • Fatigue and feeling of weakness
  • Fever over 100.4ºF (38ºC)
  • Headaches
  • Nasal congestion
  • Sore throat

 

Some patients may endure flu-like symptoms for weeks or months following a COVID-19 infection. This condition is also known as post-COVID-19 syndrome or extended COVID-19. If, after having COVID-19, you continue to experience any symptoms for weeks or months following your first recovery, a SmartMed Clinic can help.

What’s the difference between common sore throat and strep throat?

A sore throat, runny nose, and congestion are typically the first signs of a cold. This type type of symptoms usually improves or goes away after a day or 2.

Viral infections that cause colds do not respond to antibiotics. Postnasal drip, allergies and cigarette smoke can also make your throat hurt.

While viruses, allergens or irritants cause most sore throats, the Streptococcus bacteria (group A strep) causes strep throat. Strep throat is highly transmittable and requires antibiotic treatment.

When a person with strep coughs or sneezes, little beads of water known as respiratory droplets spray into the open. By inhaling these droplets, which contain the streptococcus bacteria, you can contract strep throat. If you touch a surface containing these droplets and then touch your mouth and nose, you can also catch strep.

What symptoms can occur with sore and strep throats?

If you have a common sore throat, you might experience:

  • A runny nose
  • A voice that sounds hoarse, raspy or strained
  • Coughing
  • Pink eye(conjunctivitis)

If you have strep throat, you might experience:

  • Dark red spots on the roof of the mouth, toward the back
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting, especially in children
  • Pain when swallowing
  • Rash(scarlet fever)
  • Swollen and red tonsils, sometimes with white patches containing pus
  • Swollen and tender lymph nodes in your neck
  • Throat pain that escalates quickly, without a cough

It's possible to have some of these signs and symptoms but not have strep throat. These symptoms could also be from a viral infection or other illness.

What are the most common types of mouth sores?

  • Canker sores:Small white lesions surrounded by inflammation or redness.
  • Cold sores (fever blisters):Painful blisters around the lips, under the nose or around the chin.
  • Oral thrush (candidiasis):A fungal infection from the overgrowth of yeast (Candida albicans).

What symptoms can occur with mouth sores?

  • Canker sores:Appear as small white or yellow center lesions with a red border. They develop in the mouth on the tongue, inside cheek areas, lips, gum line and throat area.
  • Cold sores:Appear outside the mouth, either individually or in clusters. They appear as red, raised blisters typically around the lip edge. They can also occur under the nose or chin.
  • Oral thrush:Symptoms include creamy, off-white or reddish lesions on the tongue and inner cheeks. The tissue under the sores can become tender. The lesions may spread to other areas of the mouth or the esophagus (the tube that carries food between your mouth and stomach, resulting in a sore throat and problems with swallowing.

Ear Infection:

 

What are ear infection and earaches?

Infections such as ear infections and earaches can hurt the ears. Children experience them more frequently than adults do. They often only cause pain in one ear at a time, and it may be persistent or intermittent.

 

What symptoms can occur with earaches and ear infections?

Symptoms and signs in children include:

  • Drainage from the ear
  • Fussiness
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • More crying than usual
  • Pain that is worse when lying down
  • Pulling on the ear
  • Trouble hearing
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Trouble with balance

 

Symptoms and signs in children include:

  • Drainage from the ear
  • Ear pain
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Trouble hearing

Immediate medical care is needed if any of the symptoms above occur in a child 6 months old or younger.

 

Earwax Blockage:

 

What is an ear wax blockage?

Cerumen, or ear wax, performs a crucial job for the body. It functions as a natural cleaner that clears the ear canal of dead skin cells, dirt, hair, and other waste. It is a mixture of fatty secretions from the sweat and sebaceous glands in the outer ear canal walls. The secretions are propelled down the ear canal and out to the ear opening by movement of the jaw while chewing or speaking, where they dry up and flake off.

The ear canal is shielded from germs by the antibacterial and antifungal capabilities of ear wax. Additionally, it lessens the discomfort brought by when water gets in the ear canal, as when swimming. Lack of ear wax increases the likelihood that the ears will feel inflamed and scratchy.

Sometimes the body overproduces ear wax causing it to build up and eventually block the ear canal. The medical term for this blockage is “cerumen impaction.” Blockages are common for people who use hearing aids. Blockages can also occur if a person cleans their ears using cotton swabs. This can drive the ear wax deeper into the ear canal.

 

What symptoms can occur with an ear wax blockage?

You might not experience any symptoms. However, ear wax blockage might cause:

  • Dizziness
  • Earaches(ear pain)
  • Ear infections
  • Hearing problems

What is athlete’s foot?

Tinea pedis, popularly known as athlete's foot, is a typical foot rash. Although it can happen to anyone at any moment, athletes are particularly prone to it. Athlete's foot is easily contagious and can survive on surfaces including floors, clothing, and towels.

 

What symptoms can occur with athlete’s foot?

The most common sign of athlete's foot is an itchy red rash on the feet. The rash occurs most often between the toes but can affect any part of the foot. Other symptoms of athlete's foot include:

  • Blisters
  • Burning sensations
  • Scaling skin

 

The toenails and the soles of the feet might become infected by athlete's foot as it spreads. Even other parts of the body, such the groin and armpits, can catch it. The most typical method of spreading the rash from one place of the body to another is by scratching it.

What is chickenpox?

The varicella-zoster virus is responsible for the highly contagious illness known as chickenpox (chicken pox). Children are particularly affected. Adults can catch it, especially if they haven't received a vaccination.

Blisters form on the skin as a result of the painful rash brought on by chickenpox. The fluid-filled blisters eventually rupture, leak, crust over, and scab. Fever, headaches, and appetite loss are among symptoms of the infection.

 

What are the symptoms of chickenpox?

The itchy blister rash that is typical of a chickenpox infection appears 10 to 21 days after exposure to the virus. It lasts about 5 to 10 days. Signs and symptoms that may appear 1 to 2 days before the onset of the rash include:

  • Fatigue and malaise
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite

What is pink eye?

Conjunctivitis or pink eye is a frequent ailment. Pink eye occurs when viruses, bacteria, or irritants cause inflammation of the conjunctiva, which lines the inside of the eyelid, and the whites of the eyes. Because of the inflammation, blood vessels are more obvious, giving the whites of the eyes a pink or crimson appearance.

When caused by viruses or bacteria, pink eye is highly contagious. Allergic conjunctivitis is not contagious.

 

What symptoms can occur with pink eye?

  • Crusty eyelids and eyelashes
  • Eye discharge that may be clear, yellow, white or green
  • Gritty feeling in the eye
  • Increase in the volume of watery tears
  • Itchiness, irritation or a burning sensation
  • Redness of the whites of the eye or inside of the eyelids
  • When contact lenses are in, your eyes feel uncomfortable, and your contacts may not stay in position

What is a stye?

A stye (sty) looks like a pimple on the lower or upper part of the eyelid. This bump is caused by a blocked gland.

Sebum is an oily substance produced by two different types of sebaceous glands that are present on the eyelids (meibomian, which is exclusive to the eyelids, and a sweat gland). The gland's aperture might become blocked by scar tissue or external materials like dust and cosmetics. The secretion thickens and becomes erratic or nonexistent. The stye may appear as a result of a change in the flow. Styes are not spread by others.

 

What symptoms can occur with a stye?

  • Discharge or crusty material on your eyelids and lashes
  • Eye pressure
  • Feeling like there’s a foreign body in your eye (especially when you blink)
  • Pain in the area of the bump

What side effects might occur after a vaccine?

After a vaccine, some people experience mild side effects between 1 and 3 days later. Symptoms may occur after receiving these, among other, vaccinations: influenza (flu), pneumonia, shingles or COVID-19. Side effects can include:

  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle or joint pain
  • Nausea
  • Pain, redness and/or swelling at the injection site (where you got your shot)

Sometimes, these side effects can last longer or become more intense than expected. If you notice your side effects are unusually long or intense, contact your health care provider for help.

Should I get vaccinated if I might get side effects?

Whether it’s for the flu, COVID-19 or another disease, vaccines help protect you from becoming seriously ill.

Exposure Treatment

What is impetigo?

Impetigo is a common and highly contagious bacterial skin disease, characterized by red sores on the face (mouth, nose), hands, arms, legs or a child’s diaper area.

Bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes (staph and strep), infect the skin through breaches such as cuts, scrapes, insect bites or a rash. It can also occur on healthy skin. Anyone can get impetigo, but it most commonly affects children, especially those between the ages of 2 to 5.

 

What symptoms can occur with impetigo?

  • Lesions on the face: Usually develop near the nose and mouth but can spread to other areas of the body through contact.
  • Red sores: Rupture and ooze for a few days and then form a yellowish-brown crust.
  • Bullous impetigo: This is a less common form of the ailment. It produces large blisters that occur on the torso of infants and young children.
  • Ecthyma: This is a more severe and painful form of impetigo. It goes deeper into the skin and creates pus-filled sores that turn into ulcers.

What is shingles?

Herpes zoster, the same virus that causes chickenpox, is responsible for the painful rash known as shingles (chicken pox). Anyone who has had the chickenpox is susceptible to developing shingles.

Although there is no known treatment for shingles, there are medications that can aid your body in battling the virus and lessen how bad it feels. These medications can help stop nerve discomfort from shingles from persisting for months or even years after the rash has healed.

 

What symptoms could occur with shingles?

The earliest sign of shingles is pain that can range from mild to severe. The pain is often described as shooting, tingling, burning or itching. It is followed 1 to 14 days later by a rash and blisters. The rash is usually a single stripe on 1 side of your body or face. Other symptoms of shingles can include:

  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Upset stomach

Shingles that occurs on your face can affect your eyes and interfere with vision. Symptoms associated with shingles near your eye include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Double vision
  • Dry eye
  • Pain

What is ringworm?

The skin ailment known as ringworm is brought on by a fungus. Although it may itch, it is not harmful. You might have ringworm if you have a circular, itchy rash that is red.

 

What symptoms can occur with ringworm?

The most common symptom of ringworm is a red, circular rash (looks like the letter “O”) that is often very itchy. Other symptoms of ringworm can include:

  • Blisters(very rare)
  • Hair loss
  • Scaly skin
  • Swollen skin

 

Ringworm do not result in pus, but occasionally rubbing the itch might harm the skin and let bacteria in. If this does happen, pus might form, and you might experience soreness where the infection is, fever, and chills, which are signs of a bacterial infection.

What are poison ivy, oak and sumac rashes?

Plants that produce an allergic skin reaction include poison ivy, poison oak, and the less closely related poison sumac. Poison ivy is actually one of the leading causes of skin rashes in both kids and adults who spend time outside. An itchy, red rash characterizes an allergic reaction most frequently. These rashes may become life-threatening for certain people, or more severe symptoms may appear.

 

What are the symptoms of poison ivy and poison oak?

An allergic skin rash is the most noticeable symptom brought on by poison oak and poison ivy. Typically, this rash is bumpy, red, and itchy. The lumps frequently develop into pus-leaking blisters (a whitish-yellow liquid). As the rash disappears over a few days, the blisters start to dry out and create a crust. Body parts or locations that have been exposed to these plants may develop the rash.

What is scabies?

Scabies is an infestation of mites (Sarcoptes scabiei) that burrow and lay eggs inside skin. The resulting itch and pimple-like rash are a reaction to the infestation.

Small scabies mites cause scabies. They could appear as little black specks on the skin to the untrained eye. The mites move slowly and are unable to fly or jump. Usually, they spread by having extended skin-to-skin contact. They have time to crawl from one person to the next because of this. On rare occasions, the mites might spread through clothing, linens, or towels. They probably won't spread with a short handshake or embrace.

Prescription medication is required to kill scabies. The infection does not clear up on its own.

 

What symptoms can occur with scabies?

  • Itching:This is one of the most common scabies symptoms. Itching from scabies can be intense and is often worse at night.
  • Rash:As the mite burrows into the skin, it forms tracks or lines. This means the rash can resemble bites, blisters, hives, pimples or patches of scaly skin.
  • Sores:Scratching scabies rashes can open up wounds that become infected. Sometimes a secondary infection can form, leading to Staphylococcus aureus, otherwise known as impetigo.

What is swimmer’s itch?

An itchy rash known as swimmer's itch (cercarial dermatitis) might appear after swimming or wading in the open water. Although it can happen in saltwater, it is most typical in freshwater ponds and lakes. The illness is a rash that develops as a result of the body's allergic response to some microscopic parasite larvae. These parasites can latch on and burrow into the skin when swimming or wading through places where they are present.

Although the condition is unpleasant, it typically goes away on its own within a few days to a week. Avoid scratching since this might damage the skin and cause an infection. You can treat the itch in the interim with over-the-counter medications or prescription drugs. Your SmartMed healthcare professional can evaluate the symptoms and suggest a plan of action to reduce irritation. Itching from swimming is not infectious.

 

What symptoms can occur with swimmer's itch?

Burning, tingling, and itching of the affected skin are signs of swimmer's itch. Within 12 hours of exposure, the rash linked to swimmer's itch often manifests as little reddish bumps that may develop into tiny blisters. Typically, the illness only affects skin that is exposed and not protected by wetsuits, waders, or swimwear. The symptoms of swimmer's itch typically get worse after each parasite encounter.

What are heartburn and indigestion?

Heartburn occurs when stomach acid goes up into your esophagus. It is synonymous with acid reflux and can cause indigestion.

Both heartburn and indigestion can also be known as:

  • Acid reflux
  • Dyspepsia
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD for short)
  • Reflux
  • Upset stomach

 

Heartburn can occasionally be hazardous. Long-term health issues might result from persistent heartburn. Heartburn can be managed with medication and is unlikely to result in any significant issues. Reach out to your doctor to discuss your symptoms and develop a personalized treatment plan.

 

What symptoms can occur with heartburn?

The most typical sign of heartburn is pain or burning in the chest, upper abdomen, and throat. Unfortunately, heart issues can result in the same kind of agony. You need to seek immediate medical attention unless you are positive that heartburn is the root of your chest pain. It is best to be safe and seek emergency assistance by dialing 911 right away if you think you are having a heart attack.

In addition to pain and burning, other symptoms of heartburn include:

  • Bad breath
  • Nausea
  • Pain with swallowing
  • Problems swallowing
  • Tooth damage
  • Trouble breathing
  • Vomiting

 

Some people may develop a more severe illness and require hospitalization. If you are hospitalized with COVID-19, you may receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms. This may include supplemental oxygen, fluids and pain relievers. You may also receive supportive care to help your respiratory system if you are having difficulty breathing.

What is nausea, vomiting and diarrhea?

Typical symptoms of food poisoning, viral gastroenteritis, and gastritis (inflammation and irritation of the stomach and intestines) include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea (stomach flu). Dehydration may result from vomiting and diarrhea, which can cause the body to lose electrolytes (essential salts and minerals) as well as water.

 

What symptoms can occur with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea?

Vomiting and nausea that occur quickly after a meal may be caused by food poisoning or gastritis. Food-borne illnesses like salmonella and parasitic illnesses like giardia can take longer to manifest symptoms. Along with the primary symptoms, you could also encounter:

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Dehydration
  • Feelings of weakness
  • Fever or chills
  • Loss of appetite

 

Some people may develop a more severe illness and require hospitalization. If you are hospitalized with COVID-19, you may receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms. This may include supplemental oxygen, fluids and pain relievers. You may also receive supportive care to help your respiratory system if you are having difficulty breathing.

SmartMed providers can evaluate symptoms and support you in creating a treatment plan to reduce discomfort and help encourage recovery.

What is gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis that causes painful, hot, swollen and stiff joints. It often affects the big toe and parts of the foot.

Uric acid is a waste product that the body typically eliminates by excreting it in the urine. But occasionally, the body struggles to eliminate uric acid. When this occurs, uric acid accumulates and crystallizes into highly sharp objects (much like icicles or needles). These crystals can cause severe arthritis by becoming lodged in the crevices between your joints.

 

What symptoms can occur with gout?

The most obvious symptom of gout is pain, though many other conditions can also produce discomfort. Gout is a very severe kind of arthritis that only affects one joint at a time, in contrast to other types of arthritis pain. Gout-infected feet are practically hard to walk on or even bear weight on. Other gout signs and symptoms include:

  • Joints that are warm to the touch
  • Lumps over painful joints
  • Redness of affected joints
  • Stiff joints

 

Despite the fact that gout frequently affects the base of the big toe, other joints, such as:

  • Ankles
  • Arch of the foot (your instep)
  • Elbows
  • Fingers
  • Heels
  • Knees
  • Wrists

What is acne?

A common skin condition is acne. The face, neck, chest, upper back, and shoulders are the skin regions where sebaceous (oil) glands are found in the greatest abundance. Hair follicles are connected to these glands.

The openings of your sweat glands and other skin pores are typically unaffected. Although it can affect older adults as well, acne is most common in adolescents and young adults. Acne can be brought on by hormonal changes, pregnancy, stress, and/or specific drugs.

 

What symptoms can occur with acne?

Because these areas of skin contain the most sebaceous (oil) glands, acne often develops on the face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders. These signs may manifest because oil glands are connected to hair follicles, which can lead to clogged pores. These indicators can appear as:

  • “Blackheads”: A clog that is open to the skin surface can darken, creating a “blackhead.” Although blackheads may look like dirt stuck in pores, it’s the bacteria and oil congesting the pores that, when exposed to air, turn brown.
  • Cyst-like lumps: Blockages and inflammation that form deep inside hair follicles produce lumps beneath the surface of your skin.
  • Pimples: When hair follicles get clogged and become inflamed or infected with bacteria, raised red spots with a white middle may develop.
  • “Whiteheads”: The follicle wall bulges up with sebum (oil) and produces a “whitehead.”

What is rosacea?

You might have rosacea, a chronic skin disorder, if you have little red pimples that resemble acne and the appearance of blushing on your face. Usually, when rosacea flares up, the skin on your nose, cheeks, and forehead are affected.

 

There are 4 subtypes with their own particular set of symptoms. It's possible to have multiple subtypes of rosacea simultaneously.

  • Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR): This type is characterized by facial redness, flushing and visible blood vessels.
  • Ocular rosacea: This type and its symptoms occur around the eye area.
  • Papulopustular rosacea: This is associated with acne-like breakouts and often affects women.
  • Rhinophyma: This is a rare form associated with the thickening of the skin on your nose. It usually affects men.

What symptoms can occur with rosacea?

  • A sensitive, stinging or burning feeling
  • Blushing or flushed appearance
  • Dry or rough skin
  • Small blood vessels visible on the nose and cheeks
  • Swelling of the skin

 

It's a good idea to keep a log of your symptoms, what you were doing when they started, the surroundings, and anything you think might have caused them. This can assist you and your doctor in determining whether your symptoms are related to a type of rosacea.

What is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a condition that mostly damages the skin, while it can occasionally also harm joints and affect other organs. Psoriasis affects about 5 million people in the US.

There are 5 different kinds of psoriasis that can be diagnosed based on the appearance of the rash:

  • Erythrodermic psoriasis: This type causes widespread reddening of the skin that looks like a sunburn. If you think that you have this, call 911 immediately or go to an emergency room for treatment.
  • Guttate psoriasis: This type causes lesions shaped like water drops and is usually triggered by an infection such as a strep throat.
  • Intertriginous (inverse) psoriasis: This type causes red patches near the genitals, under the breasts and in the armpits.
  • Plaque psoriasis: The most common form of psoriasis. It causes red skin lesions that are covered by silver-colored scales.
  • Pustular psoriasis: This type causes blisters on the skin and is usually caused by medications, infections and stress.

 

What symptoms can occur with psoriasis?

On the skin, thick, red, scaly patches known as "plaques" or "lesions" develop as a result of psoriasis. Plaques frequently itch or hurt. Although they can appear anywhere on the body, the elbows, knees, face, scalp, and lower back are where they are most frequently encountered. Psoriasis can make a person feel embarrassed. People frequently attempt to conceal the regions of their skin when psoriasis is visible.

What are bug bites and stings?

Any time of year can have its share of bug bites and stings, but warm weather increases the likelihood that you and your family will be spending time outside. In addition to bringing out more bugs and flying creatures like bees and wasps, warm weather also increases your risk of being stung or bitten.

Bite and sting severity can range from mildly annoying to potentially fatal. When toddlers have several bites or stings, they can be particularly harmful.

 

What symptoms can occur with bug bites and stings?

  • Burning or aching pain
  • Itching
  • Raised spots
  • Swelling at the site

 

Most symptoms of infection are not specific. There are a few signs that you should look out for because they can signal an infection that should immediately be evaluated by a health care provider.

The infections that require more attention are those due to conditions such as Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever and West Nile virus. The symptoms that you should pay particular attention to include:

  • A red, spotted rash on your palms and the soles of your feet
  • A skin rash that looks like a bull’s-eye
  • Body aches
  • Confusion/disorientation
  • Flu-Like symptoms
  • Joint/Muscle pain
  • Lack of appetite
  • Swollen lymph nodes

Catching these symptoms early makes it easier to treat the diseases that cause them.

What are dermatitis, rash and skin irritations?

The inflammation and alterations in skin tone that rashes bring about distinguish them. Some rashes make the skin red, while others make it tan, white, or even green.

 

Millions of people experience rashes and skin irritations (dermatitis) every day. A rash, however, is not a definitive diagnosis. A rash is a symptom of an underlying medical condition, so figuring out what's causing it is the first step in treating it.

What symptoms can occur with dermatitis, rash and skin irritation?

  • Blisters
  • Bumps
  • Chills
  • Fever
  • Itchiness
  • Joint pain
  • Muscle aches
  • Pain
  • Scaling skin
  • Skin ulceration
  • Sneezing

There are many other symptoms associated with rash or skin irritations.

In some cases, symptoms may not be caused by the rash itself, but by a second problem that occurred because you had a rash. For example, a rash that causes breaks in your skin can allow an infection to enter your body. In that case, you will have symptoms of a rash and symptoms of an infection.

What are lice?

The blood of people and other animals is the food source for lice, which are small parasitic insects. Human lice can easily transfer from one person to another, while lice that affect other animals cannot be transmitted to humans. Young children are most frequently affected by them. Lice may be detected by an intensely itching, crawling sensation on the head. Only crawlers may carry lice. The inability to fly or jump. Because of this, head-to-head contact is the most typical method for transferring lice from one person to another. Sharing is another method of spreading lice.

  • Coats
  • Hairbrushes and combs
  • Hats
  • Pillows
  • Scarves
  • Towels

 

Actually, there are three types of lice that can harm people. The most typical case is head lice. They make the scalp itch (top of the head). The other types of lice include pubic lice, sometimes known as "crabs," which only affect the groin region, and body lice, which only affect the body. All three varieties of lice can be passed from person to person or by contact with contaminated items like combs or towels.

It’s a myth that only “dirty” people get lice. In truth, lice affect millions of people each year regardless of income, age or gender. While regular shampooing and bathing can reduce the chances of getting lice, these methods are not a perfect defense against lice.

What symptoms can occur with lice?

The most noticeable symptom of lice is strong itching, which is sometimes bad enough to interfere with sleep. Other symptoms include:

  • A crawling sensation
  • Seeing bugs (light-brown and look like a sesame seed)
  • Seeing eggs (yellow, brown, or tan and the size of a pinhead)
  • Swollen lymph glands (especially in the neck)

 

It might surprise you to learn that lice can exist without causing itch or irritation. You might not start itching for a few weeks after contracting lice. Due to this, schools routinely screen for lice and treat entire families even when only one member exhibits symptoms. Because they spend so much time with their peers at settings like school and summer camp, children are particularly vulnerable to lice.

What are ticks?

Ticks are tiny bloodsucking arachnid parasites with eight legs like spiders. They are virtually ubiquitous outside. You run the chance of getting a tick bite whenever you go hiking, camp, garden, or are simply outside.

To lower your risk of contracting a disease transmitted by ticks, it's crucial to completely remove the entire tick after being bitten. The smaller your risk, the faster the tick gets eradicated.

 

What symptoms can occur with tick bites?

Ticks can transmit common diseases like Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and tularemia to people. While each sickness has its own unique symptoms, they can often bring on many of the same ones. The following are signs of a tick bite:

  • Aches and pains
  • Chills
  • Diarrhea
  • Facial droop
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Joint pain and/or swelling
  • Nausea
  • Rash
  • Stiff neck

Different diseases usually produce different types of rashes. The type of rash you get can help health care providers determine which infection you have and how to treat it. These rashes and their underlying causes can be divided as follows:

  • Ehrlichiosis causes a red, bumpy rash that is very fine (like sandpaper): It only causes a rash in about one third of people.
  • Lyme disease usually causes a circular rash that looks like a bull’s eye: It has alternating red and non-red rings or can be described as a solid circle inside one or more similarly colored rings.
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever: This causes small, flat, pink, non-itchy spots on the wrists (sometimes palms and soles of feet), forearms and ankles. The rash eventually spreads to the stomach and back. The bumps may go from pink to red or purple after a few days.
  • Tularemia: This causes an ulcer or sore, usually right at the spot where the tick bit you.

What are sprains, strains and joint pain?

Joint discomfort, sprains, and strains are frequent issues. However, all of them fall under the category of "musculoskeletal injuries" or "soft-tissue injuries," each with their own unique set of causes and treatments. Although sprains and strains may also appear to be identical, there is a significant distinction between the two forms of injuries. Injury to ligaments, which hold bones together, results in sprains, whereas damage to muscles and tendons results in strains (the tissue that connects muscle to bone).

 

What symptoms can occur with a sprain?

  • Bruising
  • Feeling or hearing a pop when you sprain a ligament
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Trouble moving a joint

What symptoms can occur with a strain?

When muscles spasm, strains can be uncomfortable (twitch). If you experience an acute strain, which is a strain that follows an injury or physical stress, you might feel a hard lump under your skin where the muscle spasm is happening. Additional signs could be:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Trouble moving the muscle
  • Lump under the skin where the spasm (twitching) is occurring

What are burns?

A minor burn affects the surface layer of the skin. Hot liquids, fire, hot surfaces, chemicals and even rays from the sun can cause a first-degree burn, making the skin red, swollen and painful.

Most first- and second-degree burns, which are less than 3 inches in diameter, are simple to treat at home.

Burns fall under the following categories, according to the extent of the damage:

  • First-degree burns: These are the least damaging, affecting only the surface skin layer, the epidermis.
  • Second-degree burns: These burns reach the next skin layer, the dermis. They cause blisters.
  • Third-degree burns: All the skin layers are affected.
  • Fourth-degree burns: The joints and bones may be affected.

 

What symptoms can occur with burns?

The epidermis (surface or top layer) is inflamed locally as a result of first-degree burns, which are superficial burns. For instance, sunburns often result in first-degree burns. They produce discomfort, erythema, and little swelling (edema). Touch sensitivity may also be present on the afflicted skin.

Burns of the second degree penetrate the dermis, which contains the nerves, blood vessels, sweat glands, and hair follicles. The skin blisters in addition to experiencing discomfort, redness, and inflammation.

Third-degree burns reach all skin layers and cause damage to nerves and blood vessels. Traits include:

  • Charred skin tissue
  • Raised and leathery skin texture
  • Waxy-looking skin

How is COVID-19 treated?

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease and respiratory illness caused by a type of virus called a coronavirus. In general, COVID-19 treatment focuses on relieving symptoms of the virus and supporting the respiratory system.

Most people who contract COVID-19 have mild to moderate respiratory, or breathing, symptoms that generally go away on their own. Certain people have a higher risk of developing a more severe illness. You may have an increased risk of severe COVID-19 if you are:

  • Over the age of 65
  • Have an underlying condition or multiple underlying conditions like diabetes or heart disease
  • Have an immunocompromised status

 

If you have an increased risk of severe illness, it’s critical that you seek treatment early if you’ve been exposed to or have contracted the virus. If you test positive for COVID-19, you may be eligible to receive antiviral medications. Antiviral medications can be taken at home and help high-risk patients prevent hospitalization.

Some people may develop a more severe illness and require hospitalization. If you are hospitalized with COVID-19, you may receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms. This may include supplemental oxygen, fluids and pain relievers. You may also receive supportive care to help your respiratory system if you are having difficulty breathing.

 

What are COVID-19 antiviral medications?

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted an emergency use authorization (EUA) for COVID-19 antiviral medication for the treatment of mild to moderate COVID-19. These medications help those at an increased risk of severe COVID-19 prevent hospitalization.

These COVID-19 antiviral medications come in the form of a pill and can be taken orally at home. Antiviral medication treatment should start within 5 days of symptom onset.

SmartMed providers can prescribe the following COVID-19 antiviral medications:

  • Paxlovid
  • Molnupiravir

What is a camp physical?

Camp physical exams, sometimes known as pre-participation physicals, are a requirement for enrolling kids in camps. In order to participate, campers are frequently required to take an evaluation. States have different regulations. Ask the administrators about specific qualifying requirements before registering.

A camp physical enables you to make sure that your child is fit and healthy enough to engage in all the camp activities, including canoeing, swimming, and hiking. The objective is to lessen the likelihood of injuries to children when they are away from home.

What is a sports physical?

Sports physicals, also known as pre-participation physical examinations (PPE), are typically a requirement for signing up young people for a sport. The majority of the time, participants must pass an evaluation from the organizers. Regulations change based on the laws of the particular state, institution, or governing organization of a sport.

 

With the aid of a PPE, athletes may be sure that they are fit and healthy before participating in their preferred sport, such as baseball, football, martial arts, soccer, or track. Ask the organizers about their qualifying requirements prior to registering. The PPE's goal is to reduce your child's risk of injury while they play.

Annual wellness physicals are different from college physicals. These special-purpose exams are intended to establish that your health is sufficient to engage in particular activities, rather than providing a comprehensive evaluation of your general health. A college or administrative physical is not meant to take the place of a yearly wellness exam.

General Medical exam?

A general examination and a review of immunizations are included in administrative physicals. Depending on the demands of the specific organization, institution, or company, the exams and tests may differ. Your examination can consist of:

  • Blood pressure check
  • General physical evaluation to check the ears, nose, throat, heart, lungs and abdomen
  • Height and weight measurements
  • Information on supplements or medications you take
  • Review of you and your family's medical history
  • Vision test

When should a blood pressure screening be done?

Your blood pressure (BP) should be frequently checked for high levels. Blood pressure control can lessen health problems. Being aware of your blood pressure might help you make any necessary adjustments.

 

What happens during a blood pressure screening?

A SmartMed health care employee takes your blood pressure using a blood pressure cuff

What is asthma monitoring?

A SmartMed employee is trained to help monitor asthma symptoms. We can help you follow the asthma action plan developed by your primary health care provider. However, we do not diagnose the condition.

 

Why is asthma monitoring important?

Consistent symptom monitoring is associated with:

  • Improved use of controller medications
  • Lower likelihood of emergency room (ER) visits
  • Reduction of asthma exacerbations

When should diabetes monitoring be done?

When you’ve been screened for diabetes and your condition needs to be monitored, measuring and assessing key health indicators help prevent issues that can come from diabetes complications. Your SmartMed helper can help you to understand the various tests and exams as they apply to your particular condition.

 

What is diabetes?

Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is a class of metabolic diseases marked by high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, usually controls blood glucose levels.

When we eat, our blood glucose (sugar) rises, and the pancreas releases insulin to increase the uptake of glucose into body cells. In patients with diabetes, the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or the body’s response to insulin is insufficient. This causes glucose to build up in the bloodstream (hyperglycemia), which can lead to organ damage.

 

What indicators can arise with diabetes?

Diabetes symptoms vary depending on how high your blood sugar levels are. Some patients with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes may not experience any symptoms. Early signs and symptoms of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Extreme hunger or unexplained weight loss
  • Feeling thirsty more often
  • Frequent urination
  • Irritability (getting angry more easily)
  • Unusual fatigue (tiredness)

What is blood pressure monitoring?

Blood pressure monitoring involves checking your blood pressure frequently over time. Your health care provider can tell you how often you might need monitoring.

At Smartmed, a high blood pressure monitoring visit consists of taking your blood pressure using a blood pressure cuff.

 

What symptoms can occur with high blood pressure?

Most people with high blood pressure do not show signs or symptoms even when they have very high blood pressure. When people do have symptoms, they can include:

  • Headaches
  • Nosebleeds
  • Shortness of breath

 

 

When should a blood pressure screening be done?

You should be screened for high blood pressure (BP) regularly. Maintaining a healthy blood pressure can reduce health issues. Testing your blood pressure can make you aware and help you make any needed changes.

When should I have my high cholesterol monitored?

If you’ve been diagnosed with high cholesterol, periodically checking your cholesterol levels is an integral part of staying healthy. Knowing the status of your cholesterol can help you stay in control of your health.

If you have high cholesterol, a SmartMed Member can help monitor your condition between visits to your primary care provider.

 

What happens during high cholesterol monitoring?

Your SmartMed Worker will perform an exam and tests based on your individual health care needs. These may include:

  • Blood pressure check
  • Body mass index (BMI) measurement
  • Cholesterol screening test (lipid panel)

 

What is high cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a type of fat that your body needs to build healthy cells, and your liver produces all the cholesterol the body requires. However, you can also take in more cholesterol from food, such as from meats. Too much cholesterol (hyperlipidemia) in your system increases the risk of severe complications such as high blood pressure (hypertension), heart failure and stroke.

What is a sunburn?

A sunburn is a type of burn that can happens when the body is exposed to the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation or artificial sources such as tanning beds. The UV rays can cause injury to skin cells, resulting in a burn. Sunburns can be painful and occur during any season. UV rays can also pass through several skin layers and create spots, form wrinkles and harm your eyes.

 

What symptoms can occur with a sunburn?

Sunburns will range in severity from mild redness to painful blisters and swelling. Other symptoms consist of:

  • Dizziness or confusion
  • Feeling weak and fatigued
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Hot, tingly or stinging sensations on the skin surface
  • Nausea, or feeling sick to your stomach
  • Pain and sensitivity when you move or touch the affected area
  • Sensations of cold and chills
  • Skin that is red on areas such as the face, lips, shoulders, thighs, neck and back
  • Swollen skin in the affected areas
  • Thirst and dehydration

In severe cases, blisters might form on your skin. This indicates a second-degree burn, and an infection can occur as a result. Some signs of an infection include swelling, red streaks or the appearance of pus.

What are cuts, blisters and wounds?

Cuts, blisters, and small wounds happen frequently. Despite being referred to as minor injuries, they need to be taken seriously. Depending on the origin of the injury, it may become infected or possibly contract a fatal disease like tetanus. To ensure that the injury heals and reduce the chance of any long-term issues, it may be necessary to properly clean the wounded region and use specific medications to avoid infection.

Why should splinters be removed?

Splinter injuries are common, but that does not mean that splinters are easy to remove. Large, deep splinters can be difficult to get out and may break apart in or under your skin. If you do not have the right tools, you may also cause more injury or an infection when trying to remove a splinter.

What is stitch and staple removal?

If you've had surgery or an injury that requires stitches or staples, you were probably asked to return to the doctor or health provider to have them removed. Removing staples and stitches is essential for proper wound healing and infection control.

 

When should stitch and staple removal be done?

The time when staples or stitches need to be removed is based on how fast skin on certain areas of the body heals and how serious the wound is. As a general rule, stitches and staples are removed as soon as possible after a wound heals.

Optimal staple and stitch removal times:

  • Face: 3 to 5 days
  • Scalp: 7 days
  • Chest: 8 to 10 days
  • Arms and legs: 10 to 14 days
  • Back: 10 to 14 days
  • High tension (joints, hands and so on): 10 to 14 days

 

In some cases, self-dissolving stitches will be used. These “dissolvable” stitches are generally only used underneath the skin where they are not open to infection and will not leave a permanent scar. If you have soluble stitches, your health provider will explain that you do not have to return for removal.

  • Adenovirus (Pink Eye)
  • Covid Antigen
  • 1 HR Covid PCR
  • 4-Target (Covid/Flu A&B/RSV)
  • Mono
  • Strep
  • Blood Sugar
  • Influenza Assay

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